As you know, ticks can transmit a variety of microorganisms that can cause sometimes severe infections to humans and animals as a result of bites inflicted by them.
In Québec, these are mainly:
- bacteria of the genus Borrelia spp., responsible for Lyme disease;
- Anaplasma phagocytophilum, responsible for granulocyte anaplasmosis
- protozoa of the genus Babesia spp, responsible for babesiosis;
- bacteria of the genus Ehrlichia spp., responsible for ehrlichiosis.
Increased human and animal exchanges between countries as well as climate change contribute to the emergence of these pathogens. Although infections related to these agents are still relatively infrequent in Quebec, they are constantly increasing. Therefore, their monitoring is recommended in the affected areas.
Since ticks can carry a variety of pathogens that are difficult to detect by traditional methods, molecular approaches such as real-time PCR (qPCR) have emerged as the method of choice for detecting them.
At Biovet, we now have real-time PCR (qPCR) tests that detect the four main groups of tick-borne pathogenic microorganisms present in our regions: Borrelia spp., Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia spp, and Ehrlichia spp.
The samples that we can analyze are:
- whole blood from an animal (1 – 2 mL) collected in EDTA tube before the start of antibiotic therapy and refrigerated (4 – 8 °C)
- one or more ticks placed in an airtight container without additives
The time required for all analyzes is 4 to 5 days.
Please feel free to contact us for further information.